Friday, May 8, 2020

Coal Industry Need For Coal Produces Environmental Damage

Cassidy Selep Love AP Language 1 May 2015 Coal Craze: Need for Coal Produces Environmental Damage I sat quietly in the large van. Everyone was quiet. We were swaying back and forth as the car rounded each bend, moving with the mountain. The car slowly climbed up, revealing more peaks. I took in the atmosphere with every breath. The mountain rose and fell like sand dunes. Fog blanketed the mountaintop illuminating the green tree tops and emphasizing the dark leaves of others. The van continued in peace. As we swung around one last corner, the silence was broken and a unified gasp filled the vehicle. Our sight was stolen. The utopian mountaintop was replaced with flat, gray, barren land. The passengers were shocked and the murmurs bubbled†¦show more content†¦It is clearly stated in the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) that surface mining operations cause environmental and social damage â€Å"by impairing natural beauty, by damaging the property of citizens, by creating hazards dangerous to life and property by degrading the quality of life in local communities...† (#6). Surface mining causes more damage to the environment than other methods. Everything ranging from air and water pollution to degrading land and loss of biodiversity has been caused by surface mining. The Appalachian mountain region is the most diverse forest in the world. There are a large number of salamanders and migratory birds, along with waterways, the first link in the food chain that supports the entire forest. Valley fills, where overburden from surface mining is dumped, can cover up streams, thus breaking the food chain. In an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) study, it was found that a large number of mayflies have disappeared. This may seem like a small loss, but it will affect other creatures in the future. As more and more chains break in the food chain, the less diverse the forest is. It was also found that the cerulean warblers, a migratory bird, has been decreasing in populatio n. In fact, over 40 years, the cerulean warbler has decreased by 82% (McQuaid). These small creatures are vital to the diverse ecosystem of the Appalachian mountains.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Theories and Administrative Thought on Modern Day Police Departments Free Essays

Various sociological theories and administrative thought shows that modern police department is a combination of a hierarchical and quasi-military bureaucracy. In accordance to the fundamental rationality of Weber’s theory of bureaucracy, the modern police department is wrought with red tape and other unfortunate side-effects of bureaucratic organizations. On the other hand, as Weber suggested, many large-scale organizations, especially those linked to the government, must be bureaucratic if they are to be most effectively and rationally run. We will write a custom essay sample on Theories and Administrative Thought on Modern Day Police Departments or any similar topic only for you Order Now The modern police department, although it has adopted theories of modern sociologists and administrative thinkers, continues to resemble traditional hierarchical and bureaucratic systems. The modern police department resembles least Fayol’s theories of management, in which red tape detracts from effectiveness and in which horizontal communication is widely practiced. At the same time, many police departments use Fayol’s theories of horizontal communication when seeking accountability and attempting to eliminate corruption within the force. Also in accordance with the theories of Luther Gulick, the theories of Fayol show how within large organizations like police departments, specialization of tasks can lead to effectiveness. Therefore, the modern police department in many ways reflects old-school sociology and administrative theories in that at each rung of the hierarchy, an individual is assigned highly specific tasks and reports to specific individuals in positions of immediate authority. The hierarchy entails that individuals usually report to the person who is ranked immediately above them, similar to a military bureaucracy. The titles and ranks underscore the connections between the modern police department and military organizations. At the same time, police departments are trying to incorporate the more open systems of modern theorists. Based on effective business models, some administrative thought discounts the relevance of bureaucracy and hierarchy in favor of a more democratic operation. Police departments have yet to incorporate such democratic principles within their ranks but at the same time must allow for the inclusion of minorities and minority opinions on the force. How to cite Theories and Administrative Thought on Modern Day Police Departments, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

The House Of The Seven Gables Essays - The House Of The Seven Gables

The House Of The Seven Gables By Nathaniel Hawthorne The House of the Seven Gables is a romantic novel set in a grand and rustic, old house with seven gables in New England town. The story opens with its history, beginning in the 1690's, when witch-hunting was rampant. Afterwards, it revolves around the course of one summer in the 1850's. At his housewarming party, Colonel Pyncheon, the socially noted owner of the house was mysteriously found dead in one of the rooms. Although he was highly esteemed for his wealth and high position, legend has it that he usurped the land on which his house stood from a poor fellow named Matthew Maule. Maule was a nobody. Furthermore, he was rumored to be practicing witchcraft. For this, he was hanged and it was rumored that Pyncheon was responsible for it because he wanted the land for himself. However, his social prominence and Maule's infamy allowed him to get away with the crime smoothly. Before Maule died though, cursed him saying, God will give him blood to drink. For years, the Pyncheon-Maule dispute carried on. The long line of Pyncheons struggled to keep the land from their rivals. Though they succeeded in this, their greed became their own undoing. Alice Pyncheon dies because her father, Gervayse, allowed her to be hypnotized by a Maule also named Matthew, because he believed him when he said that he needed Alice's mind to find a the hidden Pyncheon treasure. Clifford Pyncheon was another victim of the greed of his cousin Judge Jaffrey Pyncheon. He framed him and sent him to prison for killing their uncle so that he could have the Pyncheon fortune to himself. However, after many years, the once talked-about mansion was eventually forgotten, and the story focuses on the time when Hepzibah Pyncheon, an old and lonely spinster inhabited it. She was often feared for the scowl on her face that was actually only the result of a chronic squint due to her poor eyesight. Proud and without talent for practical matters, she is a symbol of decaying aristocracy. She grieves for her beloved brother, Clifford, who was framed and imprisoned. She had a boarder named Holgrave. He is an attractive and imtellectual young man with modern views and notions. He preaches about social reform to Hepzibah and Phoebe. When her money was running out, Hepzibah was forced to open little bakeshop in the front gable of the house and abandon her illusion of aristocracy. This only adds to her misery until her young niece, Phoebe, comes from the country to live with her in the house. Like a ray of sunshine, she lights up the house with her beauty, simplicity, and free-spiritedness After 30 years in prison, Hepzibah's brother, Clifford, is released and comes home to the house of seven gables. He has a love for beauty but the years of seclusion had drawn out the life from him and he became bitter and spiritless. Then he develops a special bond with Phoebe. Despite the complexity of his personality, she understood him. A frequent visitor was Judge Jaffrey Pyncheon. He resembled his ancestor, the colonel physically and in his greed and pretentiousness as well. Yet, he pretends to be good-natured and amiable. He insists that Clifford possessed the knowledge about a hidden Pyncheon fortune. However, the truth of the matter is that Clifford has long since forgotten the secret. One day , Judge Jaffrey comes again, looking for Clifford. He manages to force Hepzibah to let him see her brother and she goes up to fetch him. He is not in his room and when she comes back to tell the judge, she finds him dead. And Clifford is standing beside him. Afraid that he would be accused of murder again, Clifford flees, bringing Hepzibah along. In their absence, Holgrave and Phoebe fall in love. Eventually, it was discovered that Jaffrey's death was a result of a stroke, and everything is cleared and resolved. Clifford and Hepzibah return and Holgrave asks Phoebe to marry him. She agrees and he discloses that he is a descendant of Matthew Maule. The secret treasure turned out to be the deed of the territory, which was now useless. It was hidden inside a vault concealed by the painting of the colonel which hung on the wall of the house eversince it was built. Hepzibah, Clifford, Phoebe, and Holgrave all decide to leave

Thursday, March 19, 2020

Free Essays on Great Pyramids

The Great Pyramids is the oldest of Seven Wonders Of the world, also the only ones that still exist. They are also known as the Pyramids of Giza. It is very remarkable how the Egyptian builders built The Great Pyramids, and it is quit unbelievable knowing they did not have that many tools or technology as we do today. All part of The Great Pyramids is the pyramid of King Khafre, the pyramid of King Khufu, pyramid of King Menkure, and The Great Guardian Sphinx. I believe the most important and interesting aspects of the Great Pyramids is the way they were built, the inside of the pyramids, and the Guardian Sphinx. The Great Pyramids were built in a span of seventy-five years. With great intelligence and teamwork the skilled Egyptian builders were able to build these pyramids. The first and oldest pyramid that was built, was King Khufu’s. After King Khufu’s death his son King Khafre and grandson King Menkure built two additional but smaller pyramids, complete with passageways and tombs. Each of the three pyramids had smooth sided shapes. They all had an outer casing of carefully dressed stone. That disappeared over time but little remains at the top of The Pyramid of Khafre. The pyramids were built 4,500 years ago as tombs for the Old Kingdom Pharaohs. The largest pyramid is The Great Pyramid of Khufu. This great pyramid covers about thirteen acres of land and was originally about 480 feet high. It contains over two million limestone blocks, each weighing over two-and-a-half tons. Each stone was carefully worked. They had smooth edges and they were leveled off to make sure that each stone was perfect for placing on top of each other. Then the blocks were specially marked. Some marks directed were the blocks go, some marks said â€Å"This side up.† Then some carefree builders marked a daring message: â€Å"How drunk is the king.† The builders couldn’t believe that they had to build t... Free Essays on Great Pyramids Free Essays on Great Pyramids The Great Pyramids is the oldest of Seven Wonders Of the world, also the only ones that still exist. They are also known as the Pyramids of Giza. It is very remarkable how the Egyptian builders built The Great Pyramids, and it is quit unbelievable knowing they did not have that many tools or technology as we do today. All part of The Great Pyramids is the pyramid of King Khafre, the pyramid of King Khufu, pyramid of King Menkure, and The Great Guardian Sphinx. I believe the most important and interesting aspects of the Great Pyramids is the way they were built, the inside of the pyramids, and the Guardian Sphinx. The Great Pyramids were built in a span of seventy-five years. With great intelligence and teamwork the skilled Egyptian builders were able to build these pyramids. The first and oldest pyramid that was built, was King Khufu’s. After King Khufu’s death his son King Khafre and grandson King Menkure built two additional but smaller pyramids, complete with passageways and tombs. Each of the three pyramids had smooth sided shapes. They all had an outer casing of carefully dressed stone. That disappeared over time but little remains at the top of The Pyramid of Khafre. The pyramids were built 4,500 years ago as tombs for the Old Kingdom Pharaohs. The largest pyramid is The Great Pyramid of Khufu. This great pyramid covers about thirteen acres of land and was originally about 480 feet high. It contains over two million limestone blocks, each weighing over two-and-a-half tons. Each stone was carefully worked. They had smooth edges and they were leveled off to make sure that each stone was perfect for placing on top of each other. Then the blocks were specially marked. Some marks directed were the blocks go, some marks said â€Å"This side up.† Then some carefree builders marked a daring message: â€Å"How drunk is the king.† The builders couldn’t believe that they had to build t...

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Nguyen Meaning and Origin

Nguyen Meaning and Origin Nguyen is the most common surname in Vietnam and among the top 100 last names in the United States, Australia, and France. Meaning musical instrument and actually rooted in Chinese, Nguyen is an interesting name that youll encounter throughout the world. Alternate spellings include  Nyguyen, Ruan, Yuen, and Yuan. What Is the Origin of Nguyen? Nguyen stems from the Chinese word  ruan  (a string instrument that is plucked). In Vietnam, the family name Nguyen is connected to the royal dynasties. It is said that during the Tran Dynasty (1225–1400), many members of the Ly family of the prior dynasty changed their name to Nguyen to avoid persecution. The Nguyen family had a place of prominence as early as the 16th century, but they would rule during the last of the dynasties. The Nguyen Dynasty lasted from 1802 until 1945, when Emperor Bao Dai abdicated. By some estimates, approximately 40 percent  of Vietnamese people have the surname Nguyen. It is, without a doubt,  the most common Vietnamese family name. Nguyen can be used as a first name as well as a surname. Also, keep in mind that in Vietnamese it is traditional for the surname to be used before an individuals given name. Nguyen Is Common Worldwide Nguyen is the seventh most common family name in Australia, the 54th most popular in France, and the 57th most popular surname in America. These statistics may be surprising until you recall the relationship each country has had with Vietnam. For instance, France had colonized Vietnam as early as 1887 and fought the First Indochina War from 1946 until 1950. Shortly after that, the U.S. entered the conflict and the Vietnam War (or Second Indochina War) began. These associations led many Vietnamese refugees to immigrate to both countries during and after the conflicts.  Australia saw an influx of refugees after the second of these wars when the country revised its immigration policy. Its estimated that nearly 60,000 Vietnamese refugees settled in Australia between 1975 and 1982. How Is Nguyen Pronounced? For native English speakers, pronouncing the name Nguyen can be a challenge. Since its such a popular name, though, learn how to say it as best as you can. The most common mistake is to pronounce the y. The best way to explain the pronunciation of Nguyen is as a single syllable: ngwin. Say it fast and dont emphasize the letters ng. It really helps to hear it out loud,  such as at  this YouTube video. Famous People Named Nguyen Damien Nguyen- U.S. actorScotty Nguyen- professional poker playerDat Nguyen- U.S.  football player Nguyen Sinh Cung- Ho Chi Minhs birth name

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Immigration waves Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Immigration waves - Essay Example The preindustrial/commercial period marked the second immigration wave which emerged during the Civil war and the American Revolution. This period was marked by major advancement in economic development which was aided by improved infrastructures, increased farming activities and population increase in major urban centers. The Irish immigrants who were driven out of their countries by famine mainly settled in urban areas and did manual jobs for their survival in the crowded places. Their lives were marked by poor living conditions which were worsened by malnutrition, diseases and neglect. However, some of them received assistance from the early Irish immigrants who offered a lot of support to them. The industrial period opened the third wave of immigration in which many cities had already been developed. The political leaders saw the need for the provision of basic services to the urban dwellers in order to improve their living conditions. This period was further marked by the arriva l of immigrants from Austria-Hungary, Spain, Italy and Russia who had been attracted by the fact there were many job opportunities due to the industrial revolution that was taking places in major cities. The group caused varied reactions from the leading class of the native-born Americans who feared that they may lose their influence due to the increasing number of immigrants from Europe. Several measures were thus put in place to ensure that the welfare of the natives was well taken care of.